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      史海鉤沉

      農民票友傳承京劇

      時間:2014-5-4 11:33:07  作者:國粹基金  來源:網絡轉載  查看:898  評論:0
      內容摘要:   山東省棗莊市薛城區屬四千年前的古薛國轄地,是造車鼻祖奚仲故里,也是北辛文化的發祥地。魯南地區的地方戲是柳琴戲,可薛城一帶百姓特別喜歡京劇。     原來抗戰時期,以徐州為中心的蘇魯豫皖邊界城市的一些愛國京劇藝人,不愿為日本人演出,為躲避日寇的殘害,來...
         山東省棗莊市薛城區屬四千年前的古薛國轄地,是造車鼻祖奚仲故里,也是北辛文化的發祥地。魯南地區的地方戲是柳琴戲,可薛城一帶百姓特別喜歡京劇。
       
        原來抗戰時期,以徐州為中心的蘇魯豫皖邊界城市的一些愛國京劇藝人,不愿為日本人演出,為躲避日寇的殘害,來到薛城(當時叫臨城)鄉下的周營鎮一帶躲藏,農閑時便教當地農民們唱“京戲”,使京劇這一國粹藝術在此地生根開花。這一帶農民上至80多歲的老人,下至十幾歲的兒童,差不多都成了“京戲迷”。《蘇武牧羊》《李陵碑》《四郎探母》《擊鼓罵曹》等傳統曲目中的愛國思想對戲迷們影響很大,以至于不少戲迷后來成了著名抗日武裝“鐵道游擊隊”的成員。
       
        據老人說,20世紀30年代末到60年代初,好多村莊都有自己的“京劇團”。劇團的演員們農忙時在地里場里勞作,休息時唱上一段“京戲”解乏;收秋后則集合起來,“全日制”地排練演出。春節前后,“京戲”更像炊煙一樣在村村繚繞。由于受過名師真傳,雖然是“山寨版”,但他們的唱念做打、操琴、司鼓還真挺像那么回事兒。“水漲船高”,這一帶農民對“京戲”的欣賞水平也不可小覷。據說那個時候,臺上一張口,臺下連婦女兒童也能分出個“西皮”“二黃”來。
       
        20世紀60年代中期,這一切被當成“四舊”破除了,農民劇團全部解散,80年代恢復了一陣子,又很快被市場經濟、廣播電視所沖垮。眼見在此地流傳了半個多世紀的京劇面臨滅頂之災,老戲迷們很是心疼。為了能讓這一國粹藝術在此地香火不斷后繼有人,1994年,在區、鎮兩級政府的大力扶持下,京戲迷們成立了“周營鎮農民京劇票友協會”,明確提出“以傳承京劇文化為己任”。他們以戲會友、拜師帶徒,還經常利用閑暇時間為村民們免費演出,教喜歡京劇的農民們唱戲。
       
        現在該協會票友已發展到140多人。雖然排練演出沒有任何報酬,但不論多么辛苦,大家都毫無怨言。當聽到有人說“別的地方紅白喜事請的班子都是唱流行歌曲、二人轉,唯獨咱們周營鎮唱京劇”時,這些票友們心里又自豪又甜蜜。


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